what is the use of #ifndefs

Navy navych at 126.com
Mon Jul 20 22:24:45 EDT 2015

On Mon, Jul 20, 2015 at 12:03:07PM +0200, Ahmed Soliman wrote:
> currently I started reading through the linux kernel and I started
> reading liunx/include/linux/list.h> I understood some of the functions
> but still I dont know what does these lines of code do
> #ifndef _LINUX_LIST_H
> #define _LINUX_LIST_H
> which exist at the very beginning of the file
> I also noticed that there is many similar ifndefs in almost any .h
> file in the kernel
> note that I understand wnat does ifndef do bu I dont understand what
> goal is it supposed to achieve at the beginning of the headerfile
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The whole structure seems to 
#ifndef ...
#define ...

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