what is the difference between the two command?

horseriver horserivers at gmail.com
Sat Jan 19 16:30:37 EST 2013

On Sat, Jan 19, 2013 at 09:47:53PM -0800, Ian Lance Taylor wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 18, 2013 at 10:19 PM, horseriver <horserivers at gmail.com> wrote:
> > hi:
> >
> >    Here are two command for producting one .so file :
> >
> >    1. gcc  -nostdlib -Wl,-T,vsyscall.lds vsyscall-int80.o -o vsyscall-int80.so
> >
> >    2. ld  -T vsyscall.lds vsyscall-int80.o -o vsyscall-int80.so
> There is no substantive difference between these commands.  There are
> various minor differences that probably don't matter.  Use the -v
> option when invoking gcc to see precisely how it invokes the linker.
> In particular, invoking the linker via the gcc driver will cause some
> C++-specific operations to occur when needed, but since you aren't
> using C++ in this case they won't happen.


   I have a weird problem here!
   When I type the 1  to make vsyscall-int80.so ,ld report error: Not enough room for program headers, try linking with -N
   But,When I type 2  to make vsyscall-int80.so,it works successfully.

    What is the reason?

   gcc -v
   Using built-in specs.
   Target: i486-linux-gnu 
   Configured with: ../src/configure -v --with-pkgversion='Debian 4.4.5-8' --with-bugurl=file:///usr/share/doc/gcc-4.4/README.Bugs --enable-languages=c,c++,fortran,ob  jc,obj-c++ --prefix=/usr --program-suffix=-4.4 --enable-shared --enable-multiarch --enable-linker-build-id --with-system-zlib --libexecdir=/usr/lib --without-includ  ed-gettext --enable-threads=posix --with-gxx-include-dir=/usr/include/c++/4.4 --libdir=/usr/lib --enable-nls --enable-clocale=gnu --enable-libstdcxx-debug --enable-  objc-gc --enable-targets=all --with-arch-32=i586 --with-tune=generic --enable-checking=release --build=i486-linux-gnu --host=i486-linux-gnu --target=i486-linux-gnu
  Thread model: posix
  gcc version 4.4.5 (Debian 4.4.5-8)

> Ian

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