thread_info address calculation

Vijay Chauhan kernel.vijay at
Fri Sep 16 07:38:47 EDT 2011

Hi list,

I would like to know how the thread_info address is calculated? As per
the LKD book:
struct thread_info is stored on the kernel stack. On x86, current is
calculated by masking out the 13 least-significant bits of the stack
pointer to obtain the thread_info structure.This is done by the
current_thread_info() function.The assembly is shown here:
movl $-8192, %eax
andl %esp, %eax
This assumes that the stack size is 8KB.

But in code i found that:
/* how to get the thread information struct from C */
static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
        return (struct thread_info *)
                (current_stack_pointer & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1));

/* how to get the current stack pointer from C */
static inline unsigned long current_stack_pointer(void)
        unsigned long sp;
        asm("mov sp,%0; ":"=r" (sp));
        return sp;

Could anyone help me in explaining the current_stack_pointer and
(current_stack_pointer & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)) calculation? This is not
as mentioned in the book.

If page size is 4KB and 2 page per process kernel stack is used then
THREAD_Size will be 8KB.


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