Doubt regarding BIO handling

Prasad Joshi prasadjoshi124 at
Mon Dec 27 20:11:11 EST 2010

On Mon, Dec 27, 2010 at 7:18 PM, Gaurav Mahajan
<gauravmahajan2007 at> wrote:
> Hello all,
> Thanks for the information!!!
> On Mon, Dec 27, 2010 at 2:37 PM, Prasad Joshi <prasadjoshi124 at> wrote:
>> On Mon, Dec 27, 2010 at 6:01 AM, Gaurav Mahajan
>> <gauravmahajan2007 at> wrote:
>>> Hi all,
>>> I have a doubt regarding the handling of bios.
>>> Suppose I receive a bio at some layer, and I want to split it into
>>> multiple bios. There are layers below the one I am working on and the
>>> final I/O operations will be handled by those layers. So, basically ,
>>> after some processing, I want to hand over the bio to the lower layer.
>>> Now, if I have split the original bio into multiple bios and submitted
>>> all the newly formed bios, I shall receive each such bio in the
>>> bio->bio_end_io function.
>>> Here is it necessary to merge these bios so that the original bio can
>>> be formed or is it ok to just split the original bio, receive the
>>> requested data in multiple bios and leave it at that ?
>> IMHO, you still need to call bio->bio_end_io on the original BIO
>> structure. So instead of splitting the original BIO. I think, You
>> might want to keep the original BIO as it is. The smaller BIOs need to
>> point back to original BIO and once all of the smaller BIOs have been
>> serviced. You might want to call bio_end_io() on the original BIO.
> I think the method of pointing back to original bio, you wrote here is
> about managing bi_idx fields of the split bios and keeping bio_vec
> array same for all. Can you please elaborate on this, if I'm wrong?
> Also I wanted to split one bvec into two bvecs. So I tried to split it
> using bvec's length and offset fields, but I am facing problem in
> merging these split bvecs in one. Or there is some other way I can do
> this?
> I am doubtful whether the pages are allocated for a bio when "read" is
> requested or when the actual data is read from disk (at the layer of
> I/O scheduler or device driver)?

I am not sure about this I did this some time back. As far as I can
remember, I think I created multiple BIOs and used bi_private field to
keep track of the parent BIOs and the number child BIOs.

This new BIOs had their own end_io function. In the
child_bio->end_io(), I would decrement the count of number of child
BIOs. If the number is zero, call the end_io function of the parent

Hope this helps.

Speaking about the ordering of the BIOs, in my opinion, BIOs can be
reodere by IO schedular.

>> Have a look if you can use bi_private field.
>>> Looking forward to some help.....
>>> Regards,
>>> Gaurav
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Kernelnewbies mailing list
>>> Kernelnewbies at
> Thanks,
> Gaurav.

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