Getting help in writing tty driver

Greg KH greg at
Fri Jul 7 08:04:20 EDT 2023

On Fri, Jul 07, 2023 at 04:37:53PM +0530, Ayush Singh wrote:
> Hello everyone, I am working on a Google Summer of Code 2023 project [1]
> under BeagleBoard.or. In this project, I have to write a Linux driver that
> exposes `dev/ttyMCU0` (or something else) which can be accessed as a Serial
> tty by MCUmgr [2]. This then sends the data and gets the response from the
> CC1352 processor in BeagelPlay [3], which runs Zephyr over HDLC UART (the
> data for this tty port has a particular HDLC address).
> However, all the resources I could find seem to use deprecated or old APIs
> (like `alloc_tty_driver` instead of `tty_alloc_driver`). After some trial
> and error, I was able to transfer the data written to `ttyMCU0` to CC1352
> using `write` in `tty_operations`. However, I am stumped on how to send
> data to tty from the driver so that the userspace application can read it
> (like using `cat`). Supposedly it should be done using
> `tty_insert_flip_char` but the signature for this function in the tutorials
> and the one present at `tty_flip.h` is quite different and does not seem to
> work for me. Also, there seems to be something about the Echo flag but not
> sure what all that is.
> Finally, I am not sure I understand the relationship between tty port, tty
> device, and tty driver either so it would be great if someone can guide me
> to resources related to tty. I think a simple tty echo driver should allow
> me to get the hang of what I am supposed to do.

Try looking at the tty driver example in the book, "Linux Device
Drivers, third edition".  It's out of date, but the ideas a much the
same in places for tty drivers.  And then look at any of the hundreds of
in-kernel tty drivers for examples of what to do.  You might want to
look at the "smaller" ones as you don't want to get bogged down with the
uart-specific stuff.

good luck!

greg k-h

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