Why does dump_stack need asmlinkage?

Lv Ying lvying.system.thoughts at gmail.com
Wed Apr 14 10:54:35 EDT 2021

Hi all:

asmlinkage is only defined in arch ia64 and x86_32:
1. arch/x86/include/asm/linkage.h:
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
#define asmlinkage CPP_ASMLINKAGE __attribute__((regparm(0)))
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */

2. arch/ia64/include/asm/linkage.h:
#define asmlinkage CPP_ASMLINKAGE __attribute__((syscall_linkage))

3. arch independent include/linux/linkage.h:
#ifdef __cplusplus
#define CPP_ASMLINKAGE extern "C"

#ifndef asmlinkage
#define asmlinkage CPP_ASMLINKAGE

As kernelnewbies FAQ(https://kernelnewbies.org/FAQ/asmlinkage) said, in short, asmlinkage tells your compiler to look on the CPU stack for the function parameters, instead of registers.

So, there are two questions:
1. asmlinkage is only defined in x86_32 and ia64, what about other archs? How do they achieve the same effect as mentioned above?
2. "asmlinkage __visible void dump_stack(void)", dump_stack does not have any parameter, so why do it need asmlinkage?

Lv Ying

More information about the Kernelnewbies mailing list