KASLR support on ARM with Kernel 4.9 and 4.14
keescook at chromium.org
Sat Sep 26 12:40:43 EDT 2020
On Sat, Sep 26, 2020 at 01:28:02PM +0530, Pintu Agarwal wrote:
> On Sat, 26 Sep 2020 at 05:17, Kees Cook <keescook at chromium.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > For a 3/1 split ARM kernel of the typical size, all kernel virtual
> > > addresses start with 0xc0, and given that the kernel is located at the
> > > start of the linear map, those addresses cannot change even if you
> > > move the kernel around in physical memory.
> > I wonder if this is an Android Common kernel? I think there was %p
> > hashing in there before v4.15, but with a different implementation...
> Thank you all for all your reply and comments so far!
> Here are some follow-up replies.
> >> What device is this? Is it a stock kernel?
> This is a Qualcomm Snapdragon Automotive board one with Linux Kernel
> 4.9 and one with 4.14.
> >> Is the boot loader changing the base address? (What boot loader are you
> >> using?)
> Ohh I did not knew that the bootloader can also change the base address.
> I think it uses UEFI.
> How to check if bootloader is doing this ?
> BTW, both 4.9 board and 4.14 board, uses same bootloader.
> >> I wonder if this is an Android Common kernel?
> It uses the below kernel for 4.14:
> https://gitlab.com/quicla/kernel/msm-4.14/-/tree/LE.UM.3.4.2.r1.5 (or
> similar branch).
Okay, so yes. And this appears to have the hashing of %p backported. I
cannot, however, explain why it's showing hashed pointers instead of
just NULL, though.
It might be related to these commits but they're not in that kernel:
3e5903eb9cff ("vsprintf: Prevent crash when dereferencing invalid pointers")
7bd57fbc4a4d ("vsprintf: don't obfuscate NULL and error pointers")
> ==> The case where symbol addresses are changing.
> kptr_restrict is set to 2 by default:
> / # cat /proc/sys/kernel/kptr_restrict
> Basically, the goal is:
> * To understand how addresses are changing in 4.14 Kernel (without
> KASLR support)?
> * Is it possible to support the same in 4.9 Kernel ?
Try setting kptr_restrict to 0 and see if the symbol addresses change? I
suspect Ard is correct: there's no KASLR here, just hashed pointers
behaving weird on an old non-stock kernel. :)
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