iptables and combining additional rule sources

Keh-Ming Luoh kmluoh at gmail.com
Fri Apr 24 23:32:35 EDT 2020

Assuming these IP address are treated the same way in your iptables rule,
ipset may help to make it simpler.

On Fri, Apr 24, 2020 at 3:30 PM Jeffrey Walton <noloader at gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Everyone,
> We are having trouble with our MediaWiki installation on a low-end VM.
> The VM is servicing a lot of spam traffic, and it is driving cpu usage
> up to about 80%. The 404's appear to be more expensive then the 200's.
> GoDaddy wrote to us and told us they were going to suspend our service
> if we don't get cpu usage down.
> I experimented with several Apache and MediaWiki plugins and I have a
> design I like. The plugin scans the URL, detects the problematic URLs,
> and sends the ip address to a privileged out-of-proc proxy to update
> iptables. The proxy is privileged and can update iptables rules. It
> also maintains a database to remove the host after 45 days.
> The problem I am having is, adding the new information to the existing
> iptables rules in /etc/sysconfig/iptables. I want to write my rules to
> a separate file and then tell /etc/sysconfig/iptables to include it at
> the correct position.
> I read the iptables(8), iptables-save(8) and iptables-restore(8) man
> pages, but I don't see how to combine the different sources.
> How do I tell iptables to include a second external source at a
> specific location?
> # iptables --version
> iptables v1.4.21
> Thanks in advance.
> =========================
> Here is an example of /etc/sysconfig/iptables with the position I want
> to insert the MediaWiki ban rules.
> # cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables
> *nat
> :PREROUTING ACCEPT [4276:232374]
> :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [270:136514]
> :OUTPUT ACCEPT [270:136514]
> *filter
> :OUTPUT ACCEPT [269:205262]
> -A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
> -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
> ### I want to insert rules here ###
> *include my-mediawiki-rules
> ### Back to normal rules ###
> -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
> -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
> -A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
> ...
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