internal / external include files

Martin Kaiser lists at
Wed Jul 24 17:20:53 EDT 2019

Thus wrote Greg KH (greg at

> That's odd, what did you ask to be included that caused that?

I called gcc with -I $KERNEL_ROOT/include/uapi. This is the chain of
files that were included.


and the error is

$KERNEL_ROOT/include/uapi/linux/stddef.h:2:34: fatal error:
linux/compiler_types.h: No such file or directory
#include <linux/compiler_types.h>

> > This fails because the kernel's stddef.h includes
> > include/linux/compiler_types.h and this file is internal to
> > the kernel.

> What kernel version did this happen for?

I get the error with today's linux-next tree. 4.14 is fine.

> > What is the correct way to solve this? Should I fix my include path to
> > make sure that my application picks the stddef.h in the compiler's
> > sysroot rather than the kernel's stddef.h?

> The system stddef.h should always be used "first".

My understanding of the gcc manual is that directories specified with -I
are searched before the system directories.

So it seems that -I /my/kernel/include/uapi is not a good idea since the
kernel's include files take precedence then.

Best regards,

More information about the Kernelnewbies mailing list