How to create "dev" files in sysfs?

Greg KH greg at
Wed Jan 19 10:34:45 EST 2011

On Wed, Jan 19, 2011 at 02:23:41PM +0100, Arvid Brodin wrote:
> Hello,
> How do I make my platform device a character device that
> can be handled by udev?

Have you read the Linux Device Drivers book about this very topic?  If
not, I suggest you do so.

> Background:
> I've written a driver for a very simple platform device (a jumper
> connected to an input pin on the processor). Today I can read the status
> of the pin through a driver attribute file in sysfs at:
> /sys/devices/platform/msel/
> As a learning experience I want to get udev to detect this device and
> create a character device file under /dev for it, that I could read to
> get the pin status. If I understand correctly, udev looks for files
> named "dev" in sysfs, which contains the major and minor device numbers
> which udev use to create the device node.
>  From the kernel code it seems that ((struct platform_device *)
> my_platform_device)->dev->devt would have to be set to contain the major
> & minor device numbers when the device is created for a "dev" file to
> appear, which is not possible in this case since the device is
> registered in board setup code where it seems wrong to get device
> numbers by calling call alloc_chrdev_region() (right?).
> I found a few previous questions about this same problem in these
> kernelnewbies threads:
> Using that info, and looking at the hpet driver code, I initialised a
> struct miscdevice and called misc_register(). This gives me a
> /sys/class/misc/msel_chrdev/ folder with the required dev and
> uevent files. udev also picks up this and creates the corresponding file
> in /dev.


> Is this the correct way to do this? One "device" for the hardware and
> one or more "devices" for the userland interface(s)?


But you might want to rethink a char device for your user interface, as
it doesn't sound like it fits very well.  What about the GPIO interface


greg k-h

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